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Media Centre - Publications
CEPI in cooperation with StepChange and SITRA have launched a brochure on the state of industry 4.0 in the pulp and paper industry. The European pulp and paper industry has experienced and consistently supported the three major phases of industrial transformation since the 18th century. From steam power to electric power, then to the progressive integration of automation and information technologies, today’s paper industry stands ready to engage in its fourth industrial phase: industry 4.0.
Central to this next level of transformation is the abundance and utilisation of mass data, the ability to connect across the value chain in real-time, mass customisation and smart factories. More than simply another ‘buzzword’, industry 4.0 represents the next industrial revolution. This will contribute to Europe’s re-industrialisation and industry’s increased competitiveness.
Very soon, industry 4.0 will link product customisation with large production series, linking products to services and machines to machines. This will lead to faster, more flexible and more efficient manufacturing processes and shorter supply chains, so allowing an unprecedented level of ‘mass individualised’ customer service.
Today, the European pulp and paper industry is in full transformation. Both market and consumer needs have evolved, while policy pressure and global competition have increased. Therefore, industry has to innovate to remain competitive. Innovation can address not only processes, services and products, but also business models, workforce training and education. Consequently, our industry sees huge potential in ‘digital’, instead of treating it as a trend we are forced to compete with.
Since 2000, the European paper value chain has been committed to the two-fold aim of increasing recycling and joining efforts to remove obstacles hampering paper recycling in Europe. Consequently, today’s situation is transformed relative to what we experienced 15 years ago.
In 2014, 71.7% of all paper consumed in Europe was recycled, totalling 58 million tonnes. Compared to the previous year, that represents an increase of 0.7%. Paper consumption has increased by the slightly higher figure of 1.2% compared to 2013, reaching 81 million tonnes. Currently, 22% of paper consumption cannot be collected or recycled. We are clearly nearing maximum potential.
This situation is also linked to changing consumption patterns affecting the most recycled paper products. We have seen the continued decline of newspaper consumption in 2014. At the same time, the increased consumption of corrugated boxes has only partly compensated the challenge of declining graphic paper consumption for the overall recycling rate.
In 2014, we have also seen good achievements at the regional level, despite differences continuing to exist. The number of countries with recycling rates below 60% has
decreased, while the number of countries with a recycling rate above 70% has increased, compared to last year.
On an international level, Europe continues to be the world leader in paper recycling, followed by North America. Other world regions’ paper recycling rates have also improved, but starting from lower levels. In Europe, paper fibres have 3.5 loops on average, far above the global average of 2.4.
The paper fibre loop offers the current EU-level discussions on the circular economy a clear and workable model to be followed. Paper recycling is an industry “Made in Europe”. It prolongs value chains and creates green European jobs based on a renewable resource.
CEPI is a Signatory Member of the ERPC.
ERPC website: www.paperforrecycling.eu
Discussion on the BAT conclusions for the pulp and paper sector
The new BAT conclusions for the production of pulp, paper and board was published in all EU languages in the Official Journal of the European Union on 30 September 2014 containing the legally binding requirements for all pulp, paper and board producers located in Europe. With the adoption of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) in 2010 for the permitting and control of emissions of installations, BAT conclusions become legally binding for all industrial and energy operators.
The publication of the BAT conclusions for pulp, paper and board production manifests the start of a four year period of intensive work. By 1 October 2018, all European pulp, paper and mills must consider the new BAT conclusions and adhere to them in their permit to operate. The permit conditions, including emission limit values, must be based on the new BAT conclusions. All mills must have revisited their environmental permit, discussed the suggested (non-prescriptive) best available techniques (BAT) and the (prescriptive) BAT conclusions with the permitting authority, and where feasible, have implemented necessary measures in the mill.
Coordinated by the European Commission’s European IPPC Bureau in Seville, the revision of the original best available techniques reference document for pulp and paper manufacturing (BREF-PP, published 2001) started already in 2006. The revised BREF-PP, published in May 2015, is a background document to the new BAT conclusions for the paper sector. It details over 900 pages pulp and paper production processes, lists BATs to consider, associated emission levels, etc. BREFs are only available in English; they have no legal status but are reference for those involved in setting permit conditions for installations.
The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) has issued an implementation guide with the objective to give mill operators and environmental managers an understanding of principles and views of importance while considering the need to revise the permit. This implementation guide discusses the BAT conclusions for the sector. It also includes a question and answer section. The guide is developed by and for industry with the purpose to help pulp and paper mills during discussions with authorities on the implementation of the new BAT conclusions.
As circumstances and interpretations differ among all EU member states, CEPI’s ambition is to support and guide operators of the sector. Doing this, we take a view that is achievable for operators within the legal framework. In the end, decisions are taken by the national or local competent authorities and, where necessary, reviewed by the judiciary. The guide is not intended for the competent authorities but to help you to refer to official documents published by the EU (in your language) and in national legislation. In order to further support industry mills operators and managers before the implementation deadline, CEPI has set up a helpdesk for frequently asked questions.
If you have any further questions, please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
This booklet contains the key statistics necessary to give a clear picture of the performance of the European pulp and paper industry in 2014.
The statistics are a compilation of data received from the National Associations which are CEPI members, under the auspices of CEPI’s Statistics Network. Some additional sources, such as Eurostat, have been used where necessary and relevant.
Extra statistical information is accessible online to members on CEPI’s Members Area website at www.cepi.org/members/statistics and to non-members by subscription. For more information please contact Ariane Crèvecoeur at email@example.com.
The International Council of Forest and Paper Associations (ICFPA) has launched its 2015 Sustainability Progress Report, showing improvements on a range of sustainability indicators and focusing on the industry’s contributions toward a green economy.
The full report is also available on the ICFPA website at http://www.icfpa.org/uploads/Modules/Publications/2015-icfpa-sustainability-progress-report.pdf.
Read the press release on the topic here.
The global sustainability performance of the forest product industry is improving, with all aggregate indicators for reporting associations showing progress:
• Greenhouse gas emissions intensity was reduced by 17% between 2005 and 2013.
• The share of bio-energy in the industry’s fuel mix increased by 8 percentage points, to 61%, since 2005.
• The number of hectares certified to a third-party sustainable forest management certification system increased by 41 percentage points, to 52% of wood supply, since 2000.
• The global paper recycling rate increased by 11 percentage points, to 58%, between 2001 and 2013.
• Onsite energy intensity was reduced by 4.3% between 2005 and 2013.
• Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions decreased by 40% between 2005 and 2013.
• Employees’ recordable incident rate decreased by 9% between 2007 and 2013.
In addition to reporting on performance, the Sustainability Progress Report illustrates how the forest and paper industry is supporting a green economy through resource efficiency, carbon sequestration, innovative technologies, bio-based products, and benefiting communities. Contributing to the 2015 report are forest and paper industry associations from Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Europe, Japan, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States.
For more information about the sustainability of the global forest and paper industry, visit icfpa.org.
CEPI, together with FEFCO have produced this inforgraphic with three key messages and tasks, showing how to add ambition to the circular economy package.
Paper and board production by CEPI member countries fell slightly, by around 0.2% in 2014 according to preliminary figures. The total production in 2014 was around 91 million tonnes, 10% below the pre-financial crisis level.
Mill and machine closures in the EU-28 in 2014 amounted to 0.9 million tonnes whilst new capacities or upgrading of existing ones reached 0.5 million tonnes.
It is estimated that the production of pulp (integrated + market) has decreased by around 4.3% when compared to the previous year, with total output of approximately 36 million tonnes. Output of market pulp decreased by around 3.7%.
It is estimated that the utilisation of paper for recycling by CEPI members was unchanged when compared to 2013 at 47.5 million tonnes.
As in recent years, the fall of the graphic paper sector demand was offset by the more positive development in the packaging paper and board sector.
Based on the cumulative data up to the end of the third quarter of 2014 it is expected that total paper and board deliveries for the year will have fallen by between 0.5% and 1.0% when compared to 2013.
It appears that the overall consumption of paper and board in CEPI countries in 2014 increased by between 0.5% and 1.0% when compared to 2013, based on the latest data available.
The Alliance for a Competitive European Industry groups 11 major European industry sector associations (including CEPI) and BUSINESSEUROPE.
The common objective of its members is to promote the competitiveness of European industry on a global scale and to help address Europe’s transformation towards a sustainable and low-carbon future.
The Alliance members account for:
• 23 million jobs
• 1.3 million companies (more than 3/4 of which are SMEs)
• €5.7 trillion turnover annually
• 10.7% of EU GDP
The EU manufacturing industry accounts for about 20% of European GDP. But industry’s strategic importance is far greater because it accounts for 1 in 5 jobs and it is at the very heart of both innovation (with 80% of all R&D expenditure) and global competitiveness (with 75% of exports). Europe needs a vibrant industry to spark the innovation and growth required to meet the societal and environmental challenges that lie ahead.
Europe’s political leadership, including the European Commission, the European Parliament and Member State governments has acknowledged the exceptional role of industry. Each of these institutions has repeatedly declared that a strong and competitive industrial base is a key factor for achieving a knowledge-based, safe and sustainable low-carbon resource-efficient economy with substantial manufacturing employment.
We call on the political leadership to develop a long-term industrial policy that would establish favourable, stable, consistent and predictable conditions to help businesses to invest, to promote excellence, innovation and sustainability and to ensure we meet the European Commission’s goal that industry’s share of GDP should be as much as 20% by 2020.
Sustainability and competitiveness have to go hand in hand for industry to excel. The European paper industry is a leading example of this. It is at the core of the bioeconomy. Below is an infographic with the main figures from our latest Sustainability Report verifying the exceptional concurrence of sustainability and competitiveness in our industry. The full report is available at www.cepi-sustainability.eu