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Media Centre - Publications
The European forest fibre and paper industry envisions itself at the forefront of a climate-friendly bioeconomy in which renewable raw materials are replacing fossil resources and are “kept in the loop”, contributing to a better environment and quality of life.
The pathways to this destination, reducing greenhouse gas emissions while creating added-value, were first outlined in 2011 in CEPI’s landmark “2050 Roadmap to a low carbon bioeconomy”. Building upon an expert review of the identified pathways and recent developments, this paper explores the investment agenda that the roadmap
implies for industry. It also underscores that this unprecedented industry transformation will be “made in Europe” if policies, both at EU and national levels, and financing conditions are best aligned to make it happen. This paper will serve as a platform to consult stakeholders on the pathways and conditions industry has identified to lead
the transition towards a low-carbon and resource-efficient bioeconomy.
The stakeholder's discussion paper can be consulted via the attached document below and is open immediately for contributions.
For further information on our 2050 roadmap please contact Bernard de Galembert at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone (+32) 262 749 27
For press related enquiries please contact Ben Kennard at email@example.com or by phone (+32) 487 3921 82
This document provides definitions of terms used in the European Paper Industry statistics reports, in particular CEPI's Annual and Key Statistics as well as its Sustainability Reports. It is for the use of both providers and users of European paper industry statistics. It is divided into nine sections covering all aspects of the industry, from its structure to the raw materials used and grades of paper produced. It also covers terms used for environmental, energy and social statistics. More information and details related to the definitions reported in this document can be found in additional annexes, listed on page 47.
Since 2000, the European paper value chain has demonstrated its commitment to the two-fold aim of increasing recycling rates and joining efforts to remove obstacles hampering paper recycling in Europe. Consistent with this, in 2011, the signatories of the European Declaration on Paper Recycling declared their commitment to reach 70% paper recycling by 2015.
And we not only achieved but exceeded this target. In 2015, 71.5% of all paper consumed in Europe was recycled, corresponding to 1.2 million tonnes more than the 70% target. Paper consumption has slightly increased compared to 2014, reaching 82.5 million tonnes. Compared to the base year of the Declaration (2010), collection and recycling of paper has increased by 1.4%, corresponding to 0.8 million tonnes of paper.
Considering the Declaration period as a whole, we have seen a considerable increase in the recycling rate in the first half of the period, but the rate has stabilised since then.
We are quite clearly starting to reach maximum potential, since 22% of paper consumption cannot be collected or recycled e.g. wallpaper, hypiene paper.
This situation is linked to changing consumption patterns affecting the most recycled paper products. Newspaper consumption has continued to decline in 2015. Equally, increased consumption of corrugated boxes, the other most recycled paper product, is only partly compensating the effect on the overall recycling rate of declining graphic (printing and writing) paper consumption.
Despite the now limited potential for further improvements in the recycling rate, we are still aiming higher. In fact, as this report is being printed, a new, even more ambitious commitment for 2016-2020 is being prepared. This will keep the industry moving on its path towards ever-higher recycling rates.
In 2015, we can also notice positive achievements at the regional level, despite differences between regions continuing to exist. The number of countries with a recycling rate below 60% has dropped to 10, 2 less than 2010, but one more than 2014. Over the last year, the number of countries exceeding recycling rates of 70% was 15, just like the year before.
On an international level, Europe continues to be the world leader in paper recycling followed by North America. Other world regions’ paper recycling rates are improving, but starting from lower levels. In Europe, paper fibres are reused 3.5 times on average, while the world average is only 2.4. While the EU is discussing ways to move into a circular economy, the paper fibre loop can serve as a model for circularity. Paper recycling is an industry “Made in Europe”. It prolongs value creation and job opportunities in Europe from a renewable, predominantly European resource, wood.
CEPI is a Signatory Member of the ERPC and holds its secretariat.
ERPC website: www.paperforrecycling.eu
The paper and board production process, especially when carried out with paper for recycling as the raw material, leads to the generation of large amounts of side streams, mainly sludges, rejects and process water. The main two outlets for the European paper and board industry’s (PBI) solid side streams have historically been landfilling and incineration. Both of them entail significant costs for the sector, while landfilling has been recently facing also regulatory limitations in several countries. Reducing these costs, and even turning them into profits, depends on the ability of the sector to utilise the valuable components in the side streams by reusing them internally or converting them to intermediates or products for other parties.
This publication includes the work done in the framework of the EU-funded Reffibre project, as well as the 2011 CEPI Maximum value from paper for recycling: Towards a multi-product paper mill project report.
Welcome to the latest issue of CEPI’s Key Statistics, giving a clear picture of the European pulp and paper industry’s performance in 2015.
The statistics included in this booklet are a compilation of data received from the National Associations which are CEPI’s members, under the auspices of CEPI’s Statistics Network. Some additional sources, such as Eurostat, have been used where necessary and relevant. Extra statistical information is accessible online to members on CEPI’s Members Area website and to non-members by subscription. Contact Ariane Crèvecoeur at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
This year, we have also prepared an infographic showing the full range of products that our industry covers. You can download it here:
European pulp and paper industry: A whole range of products for everyday life
Ernst & Young issued a limited assurance statement on the data quality rating that CEPI carried out on its core indicators in the statistics report.
The European Standard EN 643, European list of standard grades of paper and board for recycling, is the basic document to be used by industry professionals in the buying and selling of paper for recycling. Interested parties should order the EN 643 from their respective national standardisation body . The standard was revised in 2013. It defines what the different grades of paper for recycling can and cannot contain as well as defining prohibited materials and unwanted materials. It also sets maximum tolerance levels by grade for unwanted materials.
Specific agreements between buyer and supplier for grades with special specifications might still be necessary to meet individual requirements. However, general recommendations are needed to facilitate a common understanding of the standard.
To achieve greater harmonisation, to improve the implementation of the EN 643 Standard and to facilitate commercial relationships between paper mills and paper for recycling suppliers, these guidelines contain recommendations regarding paper for recycling quality controls for paper for recycling suppliers and paper mills.
The publication is now available in French
The European paper industry was invited to collaborate with the World Economic Forum (the Forum), the Ellen MacArthur Foundation and the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment on Circular Economy to produce a white paper with guidelines on design and management for circularity. The new publication provides essential guidance to all actors in the supply chain through simple ecodesign rules for paper products, without limiting innovation and the introduction of new techniques. This is a product of the three pilots under Project MainStream, launched during the 2014 summit in Davos.
Although highly recyclable, paper is usually converted by industries that add chemicals to it through printing inks and other auxiliary materials. This can lead to problems in subsequent circular chains, as these chemicals cannot easily be removed from the paper before re-entering the mill. Furthermore, the already highly-optimised recycling process cannot follow the speed of the evolution of inks and toners.
The publication summarises the key choices to be made by direct (printers, papermakers, collectors) and indirect (such as local authorities, ink producers, equipment manufacturers) stakeholders. More specifically, it identifies the choices that can influence businesses ordering a fibre-based product - printed paper, packaging or other.
Read the press release on the topic.
Paper and board production by CEPI member countries fell slightly, by around 0.3% in 2015 according to preliminary figures, after -0.2% in 2014.
Total production in 2015 was around 91 million tonnes.
Mill and machine closures in Europe in 2015 amounted to 2.4 million tonnes whilst new capacities or upgrading of existing ones reached 1.3 million tonnes only.
It is estimated that the production of pulp (integrated + market) has decreased by around 0.5% compared to the previous year, with total output of approximately 36 million tonnes.
It is estimated that output of market pulp decreased by around 2.6%.
It is estimated that utilisation of paper for recycling by CEPI members decreased by around 0.4% compared to 2014 at 44 million tonnes.
As in recent years, the fall of the graphic paper sector demand, was partly offset by the more positive development in the packaging paper and board sector.
Based on the cumulative data up to the end of the third quarter of 2015 it is expected that total paper and board deliveries for the year remained relatively unchanged when compared to 2014,
following the trend in paper and board consumption.
It appears that the overall consumption of paper and board in CEPI countries in 2015 was relatively stable when compared to 2014, based on the latest data available.
The industry has declared the start of The Age of Fibre with a brand new publication containing the most innovative products of the pulp and paper industry. This new publication is the third in the sequence of initiatives that started with the 2050 Roadmap in 2011, followed by the Two Team Project in 2013. All products featured in the new publication were shipped to Brussels for an exhibition that ran throughout the European Paper Week 2015.